Eye Burn

There are few types of Eye burns, the two most common are caused by chemical burns to the eye and flash burns to the eye. They should be treated differently!

    Chemical burns to the eye can be very serious. Early rinsing of the eye with cold water will help to flush away the chemical and reduce scarring.

    Flash burns to the eye is caused by looking into very bright light, flash burns damage the surface of the cornea, the transparent front of the eyeball. Flash burns are like sunburn in the eye and can affect both your eyes. Your cornea can repair itself in one to two days and usually heals without leaving a scar. However, in some instances the damage (loss of vision) can be permanent! You should always seek immediate medical attention!

Treatment for chemical burns to the eye

1. Protect yourself, the casualty and bystanders from further contamination.

2. Hold the affected eye under cold running water for at least 10 minutes to flush out the chemical, allowing the injured person to blink periodically. You may need to hold the eyelid open. Make sure that the water flow is gentle. Do not allow contaminated water to fall across the good eye and so contaminate that eye also.

3. Ask the injured person to hold a non-fluffy sterile or clean pad across the eye, tying it in place if hospital treatment may be delayed.

4. Take or send the person to hospital with details of the chemical if possible.

Treatment for flash burns to the eye

Take or send the person to hospital as he will need medical attention.

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